A MAVERICK ACHIEVEMENT BY THE ISRO
ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) is an establishment set up in order to give boost to the Indian space programs. 2014 has seen a tremendous rise in the growth and development of the Indian space programs. The successful launch of the Mangalyaan (Mission to Mars) orbit on September 24, 2014 on its maiden attempt was the crowning glory for ISRO. On December 18, 2014 the space establishment followed it up with another amazing feat with the first experimental launch of a GSLV Mark III vehicle and the safe splash down of the unmanned crew module in the Bay of Bengal off the Andaman and Nicobar islands after the reentry into the earth’s atmosphere.
These two achievements are monumental achievements for ISRO, showing the maturity of the organization and the capability of the nation to take the space program to greater heights. The experimental flight of the geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle known as the Mark III carrying a whole Crew Module Atmosphere Reentry Experiment (CARE) as its payload is always remarkable for few reasons. Unlike the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launches in the past, the GSLV launch history has been full of controversies and troubles. The factor which makes it all challenging is the fact that the GSLV Mark III vehicle is very heavy, tall and sophisticated than the others. The rocket has the capacity to put into the orbit the communication satellites which are as heavy as approx. 6 tons, which will be more than the ones which are recently being carried out by the GSLV rockets. Some of the features of the GSLV Mark III are given below as follows:
- The launch of GSLV Mark III is an experimental launch and the complete launch is likely to take place in approx. 2 years’ time
- The main purpose of the GSLV Mark III will be to test the atmospheric stability of the rocket it is carrying.
- It will not carry any living things.
- The Coast Guard will recover the module and the size of the module is equivalent to the bedroom.
ISRO is fully confident of launching a whole new program in approx. 2 years’ time focusing on the development of the GSLV Mark III. The GSLV Mark III will be fully equipped with the advanced cryogenic engines. This activity will make India self-reliant and we will stop relying on other nations to launch the satellites weighing up to 6 tons. It has been approx. 30 years after Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma became the first Indian to travel to space aboard a Soviet Soyuz Spacecraft. India has come real closer to realizing its long term goal of sending human beings to space. The successful flight of the GSLV Mark III and the time bound safe splashdown of the unmanned crew module has put India in the selective list of nations having achieved this feat. For the first time, India has used the parachutes for de-acceleration. The primary object of the mission is to test the new design of the rocket, at the time of lift off and passage through the atmosphere. India has been waiting for the past 10 years to end the dependence on external launch pad for our spacecraft. This mission will give confidence to our dream of sending manned launch vehicles to space.